The Evoluon was built in 1966 as a science museum by the electronics and electrical company Philips. It quickly became a landmark in Eindhoven, where Philips was headquartered at the time. The museum closed in 1989 and the building reopened as a conference centre and exhibition venue in 1998.
The building is unique due to its very futuristic design, resembling a landed flying saucer. It was designed by architects Leo de Bever and Louis Christiaan Kalff, while the exhibition it housed was conceived by James Gardner. De Bever and Kalff only got two demands for the design of the building, it had to be “spectacular” and it had to be possible to hold exhibitions in the building.
Its concrete dome is 77 metres (253 ft) in diameter and is held in place by 169 kilometres (105 mi) of reinforcing steel bars.
Depot museum Boijmans van Beuiningen
The construction of Depot Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen was started in 2017 and was officially opened in 2021. It is the world’s first fully accessible art depot. The depot has been built in consideration of public and private partnership where inside and outside are intertwined. The plan of the museum is to give the visitors an impression in great scale of the collections which can be seen from the central staircase and landings. The ground floor of the depot consists of a welcoming entrance area with coffee corner, and also is used for art handlings. The upper floors are for exhibitions spaces. The atrium gallery which has glass roof has collections from old buildings.
The Slauerhoff Bridge is a fully automatic bascule bridge (aka tail bridge) in the city of Leeuwarden in the Netherlands. It was completed in 2000. The bridge uses two arms to swing a 15×15m section of road in and out of place. The lift arms are oriented diagonally to the road. The bridge is painted in yellow and blue, representative of Leeuwarden’s flag and seal. This movable bridge is also known as the “Slauerhoffbrug ‘Flying’ Drawbridge” or Frog Bridge, the last because of its shape in the down position.
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Market Hall Rotterdam
The Markthal (English: Market Hall) is a residential and office building with a market hall underneath, located in Rotterdam. The building was opened in 2014. Besides the large market hall, the complex houses 228 apartments, 4,600 m2 retail space, 1,600 m2 hospitality and an underground 4-storey parking garage with a capacity of over 1200 cars.
The market hall has a height of 40 m, width of 71 m and length of 114 m and took 5 years to build. The horseshoe-shaped arch, which consists of natural stone and is closed on both sides by an enormous glass front, can be seen for miles around. The inside of the building is adorned with an 11.000 m2 artwork by Arno Coenen and Iris Roskam, named Horn of Plenty. The artwork shows strongly enlarged fruits, vegetables, seeds, fish, flowers and insects. The work was made using digital 3D-techniques. This enormous file of 1,47 terabytes was separated in 4000 pieces and then printed on perforated aluminum panels. The 4000 aluminum panels are now on the inside of the hall. Some called it the largest artwork in the world or The Sistine Chapel of Rotterdam.